Multi-trait selection of sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) genotypes for bioenergy production

Michele Jorge da Silva, Pedro César de Olieveira Ribeiro, Ruane Alice da Silva, Karla Jorge da Silva, Robert Eugene Schaffert, Rafael Augusto da Costa Parrella

Abstract


The global demand for fuel from renewable sources has expanded rapidly in recent years and sweet sorghum is a crop with high potential for bioenergy production. This study aimed evaluate the performance of sweet sorghum hybrids belonging to the Embrapa Maize and Sorghum breeding program in different edaphoclimatic regions of Minas Gerais and to identify promising hybrids for bioenergy production, considering multiple traits of sweet sorghum. The study was conducted in two experimental areas of Embrapa Maize and Sorghum, in Sete Lagoas and Nova Porteirinha. A total of 36 sweet sorghum genotypes were evaluated, with 28 experimental hybrids and eight controls. The evaluated traits were: days from planting to flowering, plant height, fresh biomass yield, juice extraction, total soluble solids and tons of Brix per hectare. Analysis of variance, multiple comparison test, the Williams index of selection and the index suggested by Mulamba & Mock were performed. The results demonstrated the existence of genetic variability among the genotypes of sweet sorghum, demonstrating the possibility of selecting high-performance genotypes superior. The selection indexes employed were efficient in the selection of sweet sorghum hybrids with higher agroindustrial performance. It was possible to identify hybrids of sweet sorghum promising for bioenergy production.

Keywords


Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench; hybrids; selection index

Full Text:

PDF

References


Almodares, A., Hadi, M.R., Ranjbar, M.; Taheri, R. (2007) The effects of nitrogen treatments, cultivars and harvest stages on stalk yield and sugar content in sweet sorghum. Asian Journal of Plant Science, 6, 423-426. https://doi.org/ 10.3923/ajps.2007.423.426

Appiah-Nkansah, N.B., Li, J., Rooney, W., Wang, D. (2019) A review of sweet sorghum as a viable renewable bioenergy crop and its techno-economic analysis. Renewable Energy, 143, 1121-1132. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2019.05.066

Anandan, S., Zoltan, H.; Khan, A.A., Ravi, D., Blümmel, M. (2012) Feeding value of sweet sorghum bagasse and leaf residues after juice extraction for bio-ethanol production fed to sheep as complete rations in diverse physical forms. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 175, 131-136. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2012.05.005

Andrade, R.V., Oliveira, A.C. (1988) Maturação fisiológica do colmo e da semente de sorgo sacarino. Revista Brasileira de Sementes, 10, 19-31.

Bahadure, D.M., Shailesh Marker, A.V., Patil, J.V., Rana, B.S. (2015) Combining ability and heterosis on millable stalk and sugar concentration for bioethanol production across locals in sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench.). Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding, 6, 58-65. https://doi.org/ 10.1007/s12355-012-0166-9

Borém, A., Pimentel, L., and Parrella, R.A.da C. (2014) Sorgo: Do plantio

à colheita. Univ. Fed. Viçosa, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Cruz, C.D. (1990) Aplicação de algumas técnicas multivariadas no melhoramento de plantas. 188p. Tese -Doutorado - Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz, Piracicaba.

Cruz, C.D., Regazzi, A.J., Carneiro, P.C.S. (2012) Modelos biométricos aplicados ao melhoramento genético. Viçosa. UFV, v.1, 514p.

Cruz, C.D. (2013) GENES - a software package for analysis in experimental statistics and quantitative genetics. Acta Scientiarum Agronomy, 35, 271-276. https://doi.org/ 10.4025/actasciagron.v35i3.21251

Elangovan, M., Kiran Babu, P., Seetharama, N., Patil, J.V. (2014) Genetic Diversity and Heritability Characters Associated in Sweet Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench). Sugar Tech, 16, 200-210. https://doi.org/ 10.1007/s12355-013-0262-5

Figueiredo, U.J., Nunes, J.A.R., Parrella, R.A. da C., Souza, E.D., Silva, A.R., Emygdio, B.M., Tardin, F.D. (2015) Adaptability and stability of genotypes of sweet sorghum by GGEbiplot and Toler methods. Genetic and Molecular Research, 14, 11211-11221. https://doi.org/ 10.4238/2015.September.22.15

França, A.E.D da., Parrella, R.A. da C., Souza, V.F de., Bastos, G., Nunes, J.A.R.N., Schaffert, R.E. (2016) Seleção simultânea em progênies de sorgo sacarino por meio de índices de seleção. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, 51, 1737-1743. https://doi.org/10.1590/s0100-204x2016001000005

Grenier, C., Bramel-Cox, P.J., Hamon, P. (2001) Core Collection of Sorghum: I. Stratification based on eco-geographical data. Crop Science, 41, 234-240. https://doi.org/ 10.2135/cropsci2001.411234x

Makanda, I., John, D., PangirayI, T., Julia, S. (2012) Genetic and GGE biplot analyses of sorghum germplasm for stem sugar traits in Southern Africa. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 7, 212-223.

Mulamba, N.N., Mock, J.J. (1978) Improvement of yield potential of the Eto Blanco maize (Zea mays L.) population by breeding for plant traits. Egyptian Journal of genetics and Cytology, 7, 40-51.

Naik, S.B., Goud, V.V., Rout, P.K., Dalai, A.K. (2010) Production on first and second generation biofuels: a comprehensive review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14, 518-597. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2009.10.003

Rangel, R.M., Amaral Júnior, A.T. do., Gonçalves, L.S., Freitas Júnior, S.P., Candido, L.S. (2011) Análise biométrica de ganhos por seleção em população de milho pipoca de quinto ciclo de seleção recorrente. Revista Ciência Agronômica, 42, 473 481.

Ratnavathi, C.V., Suresh, K., Kumar, B.S.V., Pallavi, M., Komala, V.V., Seetharama, N. (2010) Study on genotypic variation for ethanol production from sweet sorghum juice. Biomass and Bioenergy, 34, 947-952. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2010.02.002

Reddy, B.V.S., Kumar, A.A., Reddy, P.S. (2010) Recent Advances in Sorghum Improvement Research at ICRISAT. Natural Science, 44, 499-506.

Regassa, T.H, Wortmann, C.S. (2014) Sweet Sorghum as a bioenergy crop: Literature review. Biomass and Bioenergy, 64, 38-355. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2014.03.052

Rocha, M.J., Nunes, J.A.R., Parrella, R.A. da C., Leite, P.S., Lombardi, G.M.R., Moura, M.L.C., Schaffert, R.E., BruzI, A.T. (2018) General and specific combining ability in sweet sorghum. Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechology, 18, 365-372. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1984- 70332018v18n4a55

Rohowsky, B., Habler, T., Gladis, A., Remmele, E., Schieder, D., Faulstich, M. (2013) Feasibility of simultaneous saccharification and juice co-fermentation on hydrothermal pretreated sweet sorghum bagasse for ethanol production. Applied Energy, 2, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2012.03.039

Scott, A., Knott, M. (1974) Cluster-analysis method for grouping means in analysis of variance. Biometrics, Washington D.C. 30, 507-512.

Smith, C.W., Frederiksen, R.A. (2000) Sorghum: origin, history, technology, and production. Wile Series in Crop Science, Series Editor Texas A & M University, 824p.

Souza, V.F. de., Parrella, R.A. da C., Tardin, F.D., Costa, M.R., Carvalho Junior, G.A. de., Schaffert, R.E. (2013) Adaptability and stability of sweet sorghum cultivars. Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology, 13, 144-151. https://doi.org/ 10.1590/S1984-70332013000200007

Santos, F.S., Placido, H.F., Garcia, E.B., Cantú, C., Albrecht, A.J.P., Albrecht, L.P., Azevedo, K.D. de. (2015) Sorgo sacarino na produção de agroenergia. Revista Brasileira de Energias Renováveis, 4, 1-12.

Schaffert, R.E., Santos, F.G., Borgonovi, R.A., Silva, J.B. (1980) Aprenda a plantar sorgo sacarino. Agroquímica, 13, 10-14.

Silva, M.J. da., Pastina, M.M., Souza, V.F. DE., Schaffert, R.E., Carneiro, P.C.S., Noda, R.W., Carneiro, J.E. de S., Damasceno, C.M.B., Parrella, R.A. da C. (2017) Phenotypic and molecular characterization of sweet sorghum accessions for bioenergy production. PLoS ONE 12(8): e0183504. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0183504

Tarpley L., Vietor, D.M. (2007) Compartmentation of sucrose during radial transfer in mature sorghum stem. BMC Plant Biology, 7:33. http://doi.org/ 10.1186/1471-2229-7-33

Taufiq-Yap, Y.H., Ahmad Farabi, M.S., Syazwani, O.N., Ibrahim, M.L., Marliza, T.S. (2020) Sustainable Production of Bioenergy. In: Gupta, A., De, A., Aggarwal, S., Kushari, A., Runchal, A. Innovations in Sustainable Energy and Cleaner Environment. Springer. 541-559.

Velmurugan, B., Narra, M., Rudakiya, D.M., Madamwar, D. Sweet sorghum: a potential resource for bioenergy production. (2020) Refining Biomass Residues Sustainable Energy and Bioproducts. 2015-242. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-818996-2.00010-7

Yuan, J.S., Tiller, K.H., Al-Ahmad, H., Stewart, N.R., Stewart, C.N. (2008) Plants to power: Bioenergy to fuel the future. Trends Plant Science, 13, 421-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2008.06.001

Williams, J.S. (1962) The evaluation of a selection index. Biometrics, 18, 375-393.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18067/jbfs.v7i4.295

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
';



 

Follow us

FacebookTwitter

J. Bioen. Food Sci., Macapá, AP, Brazil. eISSN 2359-2710

  Licença Creative Commons 

The journal is licensed with Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial-CompartilhaIgual 4.0 Internacional

 

Address for correspondence

Professor Victor Hugo Gomes Sales

Journal of Bioenergy and Food Science

Federal Institute of Amapá, Campus Macapá.

Rodovia BR 210 KM 3, s/n Bairro Brasil Novo. CEP: 68.909-398. Macapá, Brazil.

Phone: +55 (96) 3198-2150

jbfs@ifap.edu.br | suporte.jbfs@ifap.edu.br